Imran Ahmad - Models of Advanced Prostate Cancer

Senior Clinical Lecturer in Urology, University of Glasgow

Cancer Research UK Clinician Scientist


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Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer mortality in men in the western world. Identifying and understanding the pathways that drive advanced and treatment-resistant prostate cancer will provide important information that will allow prognostication and individualised patient treatments.

Androgens have been found to be important for prostate cancer progression and androgen deprivation therapy is usually effective at initially controlling the disease. In many cases, however, there is a recurrent castration-resistant phase, for which there is no effective treatment.

My current research interest is in understanding the mechanisms of treatment-resistance in advanced prostate cancer. Work in my laboratory uses state-of-the-art in vivo models in conjunction with patient samples to interrogate the disease processes in advanced and treatment-resistant prostate cancer. This work will help to provide information on drivers of prostate cancer progression and to identify novel biomarkers of disease and/or drug targets to treat the disease.

As an Honorary Consultant Urological and Robotic Surgeon based at the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital in Glasgow, I currently perform robotic surgery for localised/locally advanced prostate cancer.


Starter Grant for Clinical Lecturers awardee

Dr Imran Ahmad explains how a Starter Grant from the Academy of Medical Sciences allowed him to continue his research following his PhD. Click here to read the interview.

Other funding:

                     CRUK Glasgow Centre

Lab Report

icon Ahmad Lab Report

Key Publications

Ahmad I, Patel R, Singh LB, Nixon C, Seywright M, Barnetson RJ, Muller WJ, Edwards J, Sansom OJ, Leung HY. "HER2 overcomes PTEN (loss) induced Senescence to cause Aggressive Prostate Cancer". PNAS 2011; 208(39): 16392-97.


Education and qualifications

2015: FEBU, European Board of Urology
2014: FRCS (Urol), Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCSEng)
2010: PhD in Bladder Cancer Biology, 'The role of Wnt Signalling in Urothelial Cell Carcinoma', CRUK Beatson Institute/University of Glasgow
2005: MRCS, RCSEng
2003: MB ChB, University of Glasgow
2001: BSc (MedSci) Hons in Anatomical Sciences (Class 1:1), University of Glasgow


2016: CRUK Clinician Scientist and Senior Clinical Lecturer in Uro-Oncology, University of Glasgow
2016: Honorary Consultant Urological & Robotic Surgeon, NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
2015: Robotic Uro-Oncology Fellow, University College Hospital London
2011-2015: Higher Surgical Trainee (Urology), West of Scotland Deanery
2011-2015: Clinical Lecturer in Urology, University of Glasgow
2007-2011: Clinical Training Fellow, CRUK Beatson Institute/University of Glasgow
2006-2007: Senior House Officer, Urology, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow
2004-2006: Basic Surgical Trainee (General Surgery, Orthopaedics & Trauma, Cardiothoracic Surgery and Urology), West of Scotland Deanery
2003-2004: Pre-Registration House Officer (General Surgery/General Medicine), Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow

Honours and awards

ARTP Award 2014 (L'Association pour la Recherche sur les Tumeurs de la Prostate), 2014
Thomas and Margaret Smellie Prize (Best PhD thesis by a medical graduate), University of Glasgow, 2013
Hunterian Professorship, Royal College of Surgeons of England, 2013
EAU Prostate Cancer Research Award, 2013
The Royal Medico-Chirurgical Society of Glasgow Prize, 2012
Sir James Black Medal, Scottish Society of Experimental Medicine, 2011

Recent Publications


Loveridge CJ, Slater S, Campbell KJ, Nam NA, Knight J, Ahmad I, Hedley A, Lilla S, Repiscak P, Patel R, Salji M, Fleming J, Mitchell L, Nixon C, Strathdee D, Neilson M, Ntala C, Bryson S, Zanivan S, Edwards J, Robson CN, Goodyear CS, Blyth K, Leung HY. BRF1 accelerates prostate tumourigenesis and perturbs immune infiltration. Oncogene. 2019;10.1038/s41388-019-1106-x.

Patel R, Brzezinska EA, Repiscak P, Ahmad I, Mui E, Gao M, Blomme A, Harle V, Tan EH, Malviya G, Mrowinska A, Loveridge CJ, Rushworth LK, Edwards J, Ntala C, Nixon C, Hedley A, Mackay G, Tardito S, Sansom OJ, Leung HY. Activation of beta-catenin cooperates with loss of Pten to drive AR-independent castration-resistant prostate cancer. Cancer research. 2019;10.1158/0008-5472.Can-19-1684


Patel R, Fleming J, Mui E, Loveridge C, Repiscak P, Blomme A, Harle V, Salji M, Ahmad I, Teo K, Hamdy FC, Hedley A, van den Broek N, Mackay G, Edwards J, et al. Sprouty2 loss-induced IL6 drives castration-resistant prostate cancer through scavenger receptor B1. EMBO Mol Med 2018;10(4). doi: 10.15252/emmm.201708347

Ahmad I, Sansom OJ. Role of Wnt signalling in advanced prostate cancer. J Pathol 2018;245(1):3-5. doi: 10.1002/path.5029

Galbraith L, Leung HY, Ahmad I. Lipid pathway deregulation in advanced prostate cancer. Pharmacol Res 2018;131:177-84. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2018.02.022


Loveridge, CJ, Mui EJ, Patel R, Tan EH, Ahmad I, Welsh M, Galbraith J, Hedley A, Nixon C, Blyth K, Sansom O, Leung HY. Increased T cell infiltration elicited by Erk5 deletion in a Pten-deficient mouse model of prostate carcinogenesis. Canc Res 2017; 77: 3158–68. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-2565

Loveridge, CJ, van't Hof RJ, Charlesworth G, King A, Tan EH, Rose L, Daroszewska A, Prior A, Ahmad I, Welsh M, Mui EJ, Ford C, Salji M, Sansom O, Blyth K, Leung HY.  Analysis of Nkx3.1:Cre-driven Erk5 deletion reveals a profound spinal deformity which is linked to increased osteoclast activity. Sci Rep 2017; 7: 13241. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-13346-8

Salji, M, Hendry, J, Patel, A, Ahmad, I, Nixon, C and Leung, HY.  Peri-prostatic fat volume measurement as a predictive tool for castration resistance in advanced prostate cancer. Eur Urol Focus. 2017 Mar 1. pii: S2405-4569(17)30028-7 doi: 10.1016/j.euf.2017.01.019

Tan WS, Lamb BW, Tan MY, Ahmad I, Sridhar A, Nathan S, Hines J, Shaw G, Briggs TP, Kelly JD.  In-depth analysis of complications following Robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion. Eur Urol Focus. 2017; 3: 273–9. doi: 10.1016/j.euf.2016.06.002


Ahmad I, Mui E, Galbraith L, Patel R, Tan EH, Salji M, Rust AG, Repiscak P, Hedley A, Markert E, Loveridge C, van der Weyden L, Edwards J, Sansom OJ, Adams DJ, Leung HY. Sleeping Beauty screen reveals Pparg activation in metastatic prostate cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 113: 8290-5, 2016


Choudhury Y, Yang Z, Ahmad I, Salt I, Leung HY. "AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) as a potential therapeutic target independent of PI3K/Akt signaling in prostate cancer". Oncoscience 1(6): 446-456, 2014

Foth M, Ahmad I, van Rhijn BWG, van der Kwast T, Bergman AM, King, Louise, Ridgway R, Leung HY, Fraser S, Sansom OJ, Iwata T. "Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 activation plays a causative role in urothelial cancer pathogenesis in cooperation with Pten loss in mice". J Pathol 233: 148-158, 2014

Rajan P, Sudbery IM, Villasevil MEM, Mui E, Fleming J, Davis M, Ahmad I, Edwards J, Sansom OJ, Sims D, Ponting CP, Heger A, McMenemin RM, Pedley ID, Leung HY. "Next-generation Sequencing of Advanced Prostate Cancer Treated with Androgen-deprivation Therapy". European Urology 66(1): 32-9, 2014

Stockley J, Vilasevil ME, Nixon C, Ahmad I, Leung HY, Rajan P. "The RNA-binding protein hnRNPA2 regulates β-Catenin protein expression and is overexpressed in prostate cancer". RNA Biology 11(6): 755-765, 2014

Ahmad I, Crosbie RA, Ramsay AK, Nalagatla SK. "Comparison of Urologist and Radiologist gained Percutaneous Renal Access during PCNL: A Review". Journal of Clinical Urology 7: 20-24, 2104

Lab Members

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Laura Galbraith (CRUK)

PhD Student

Andy Hartley (CRUK Glasgow Centre)


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